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Disability Profile - Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

MS

Multiple sclerosis, often abbreviated as MS, is a neurological disorder that affects the central nervous system.

MS usually affects young people, although age can vary widely. Women are affected more often than men, with two-thirds of those affected being women. In the northern hemisphere, MS is more common than in the rest of the world.

The cause of the disease is unknown, but studies show a hereditary component of the immune system. For unknown reasons, MS plaques are mainly formed in the optic nerve, brainstem and spinal cord. Although the disease has variable symptoms and courses, first symptoms of the disease are often visual disturbances, sensory impact or difficulty walking. Common symptoms include sensory loss, palsies (paralysis), numbness, double vision, incontinence, dizziness and abnormal fatigue.

There is also a primary progressive form of MS, which has no relapse. It causes gradual deterioration over several years.

There is currently no cure for multiple sclerosis, however, the disease can be treated through drugs. Although MS is chronic and severe, the prognosis is usually better than one normally expects. After 15 years of disease, 30% of patients go back to  work and 40% have normal or near normal walking ability.

Augmentative communication solutions from Tobii can help users overcome some of the difficulties caused by MS. They due this by facilitating the communication process during recovery. Assistive Technology offers a wide range of devices and solutions that allow users to communicate, study or work independently, helping them to overcome the disease.

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